全景技巧和必备三脚架评论 Levi Sim
本条目发布于 2014年7月31日。作者是 Vanguard World。← 上一篇文章下一篇文章 →

全景技巧和必备三脚架评论 Levi Sim

Nikon D7100, 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6 VR 鏡頭 @28mm, F/16, 1/13s, ISO 160,五架全景.

这很简单可以让几张照片结合成一个全景,我真的觉得你应该尝试一下。全景通常比一般的画面更广阔,这是一件好事,因为我们每天对世界的看法也很宽(只是舒展你的双臂向两侧和比较,你可以看到他们相比,上方和下方)。 Photoshop中可以很容易地缝合在一起的照片,并有一些做太多其他的优秀应用;因为我使用Photoshop得心应手,所以这是我为什麽使用的原因。

无论你选择甚麽样的软件,你就按照至少20%重迭图片给软件提供一定的参考值,但我喜欢是30%(即使我使用的是更扩景的镜头)。你怎么知道有多少是20%?幸运的是,相机的取景器可以提供帮助。你可能在你的取景器或者是宿舍或三分之二的网格线,或者你有焦点的选择。取景第一张照片,告示上面的树或是目标物是在右边框的网格线或平移相机向右,直至该目标物是现在框架的另一侧的网格线。就可以很容易重迭图片。

Over lap your frames by at least 20%. The first frame on the left has the tree on the right side, and the second has the same tree on the left side. Use an object to mark how far each pan should be.

Photoshop is powerful enough that it can work with your images even if you were hand holding the panorama. However, you’ll get the best results by using a tripod, and I have a tip that helps me get perfect overlaps every time, but it requires the right features on your tripod.

Let me make a simple statement, and don’t hate me for it: your pictures will be better if you use a tripod. I’m not just talking about landscapes, either: I mean every picture you make from portraits to street photography. I know you’re thinking, “A tripod is too slow for what I do,” or “I have a tripod, but I just don’t like it,” and I used to feel the same way before, but when I found the right features and practiced using them as much as I do with my lenses and lights, the tripod really freed me to be more creative, work faster, and have fewer garbage pictures at the end of the day.

Be sure to buy a ball head with a knob dedicated to panning, and make sure it has tick marks.

The most important feature on a tripod that makes it a powerful tool is the head. If you’re buying a tripod, make sure to get one that has a removable head or even buy the head and sticks (legs) separately. Make sure that you get a ball head–I know some people swear by their three way pan heads, but they don’t need these tips. Get a ball head. Make sure that the ball head has one knob for moving the camera around on top, and a separate knob for panning the camera. Panning means swiveling horizontally without adjusting the camera’s position otherwise. Also make sure there are tick marks to measure the pan.

These tick marks make it even easier to get the perfect overlap in panoramas. Look in the viewfinder, line up an object on your grid line, look at the tick mark on your tripod, pan the camera to the other grid line, and look at the tick mark again. However many ticks the camera moved is how far it has to move for each frame. This is great! I shot a ten frame pano the other day and I didn’t have to keep my head bent over looking in the viewfinder for each shot–I just moved it two ticks, fired, moved it two more ticks and fired again.

So, get out there and start shooting some panos, overlapping at least 20%. And trust me that the right features in a tripod will revolutionize your photography and free your creativity.

pano-3

 


Levi Sim is a Vanguard Professional whose tips and tutorials, including this one, you may find originally posted here on Photofocus. Follow him on Twitter, his website, or on Google+.

Contact Us